The Ukraine crisis has reached a tipping point, with Russia responding to its recognition of rebel regions in eastern Ukraine (Donetsk and Luhansk) with a full-fledged invasion to “demilitarise” and “denazify” Ukraine. The course followed by Russia is a violation of the Helsinki Agreement of 1975 and is a threat to the world order.
About the ongoing conflict
The Ukraine issue revolves around a dispute over post-Cold War central European territorial aggression and the resurrection of a tarnished Russian history.
Ukraine and Russia have shared social, linguistic, and familial ties for hundreds of years.
The common heritage of the countries is an emotional subject for many in Russia and the ethnically Russian portions of Ukraine, and it is being used for electoral and strategic goals.
Ukraine was the Soviet Union’s second-most powerful republic after Russia, and it played a critical geopolitical, economic, and cultural role.
The regional power balance, Ukraine’s role as a critical buffer between Russia and the West, Ukraine’s NATO membership bid, and Russian interests in the Black Sea are reasons why recent protests in Ukraine have accompanied.
The Ukraine Crisis and The US
Ukrainian-American relations have long been a complex issue. The Ukrainian-American community is the second-largest community and is essentially the target of potential discrimination.
Ukraine’s relationship with the United States may seem to be mainly one-sided as it was in many ways imposed upon Ukraine by the United States. However, since 2014, the United States had provided Ukraine with more than $1 billion in military equipment and training, when Russia’s annexation of Crimea followed on from its military intervention in eastern Ukraine.
In contrast to Ukraine’s relationship with its western allies, the United States has persistent criticism of Russia. This stand of the U.S. is mainly due to two factors; firstly, Russia invaded Ukraine in 2014 and still controls it through an occupying force. Secondly, Russia has provided support to rebels in Eastern Ukraine who have fought against Ukrainian troops since shortly after the invasion in 2014.
The ongoing conflict between Russia and Ukraine threatens the United States’ national security. U.S. President Joe Biden has taken the necessary steps to counter the ripples produced due to Ukraine’s instability to protect democracy on a global level and restore order and security in Europe.
The current scenario
Although U.S. forces are not directly participating, the crisis tests the limits of American might, and Biden’s campaign vows that he was well placed to lead the country on the international arena.
In contrast to Trump’s cozy relationship with Putin, Biden portrays Putin as a foe in a worldwide war between despotism and democracy.
Vladimir Putin wants to tell himself and anyone he can dupe into believing him that the liberal idea is obsolete – because he’s afraid of its power,” Biden declared during his presidential campaign.
Recently, President Joe Biden made it clear that America won’t send troops in aid of Ukraine. Still, he would defend “every inch” of NATO territory and support the Ukrainian government and its people by sending defensive weapons, financial aid, and imposing debilitating U.S. sanctions on Russia.
Biden announced additional penalties on Thursday, which target Russian banks by freezing assets held by them in Western countries and hampering Moscow’s ability to purchase critical technology like semiconductors.
Biden said that Putin is “going to test the resolve of the West to see if we’ll stay together. And we will.”
What do the U.S. and the NATO-forming European states want today?
- These states want the Russian troops to retreat from the border immediately.
- According to the letter leaked to a Spanish newspaper, the U.S. can negotiate security assurances but not commit to independent states joining NATO.
- They want Russia to stop proxy wars in Belarus and neighboring countries.
- They ask for the reassurance that Russia will not invade Ukraine — Russia has stated that it has no plans to do so — but the amount of forces amassed is concerning.
What Is The Best Way Forward?
1. Prompt Ceasefire:
Today, the global economy is highly intertwined, unlike during the Cold War. The consequences of a protracted confrontation are far too high, particularly in the loss of life and misery in Ukraine.
The world is still recovering from the Covid-19 pandemic, which disproportionately affected the world’s poorest countries and people, and it cannot afford a conflict-induced halt. Conflict escalation is, thus, not an option.
2. New security architecture for Europe :
The current crisis in Europe is somehow the product of a flawed security framework.
A long-term security order must reflect present realities: it cannot merely continue the Cold War order, and it must be self-sustaining.
Furthermore, a European order that does not address Russia’s concerns through genuine engagement cannot be long-term stable.
3. Revival of the Minsk Peace Process: Reviving the Minsk Peace Process is feasible.
The West (the U.S. and other Western countries) should press both sides to continue discussions and honor their promises under the Minsk agreement to restore relative peace.
It is Russia’s responsibility to implement a ceasefire, and, as a result, both sides must return to the bargaining table. It’s not an option to escalate the situation.