It’s possible but difficult to achieve crypto-currency success with pegged exchange ratesOne of the reasons crypto-currencies haven’t become more popular in the financial sector is the high volatile of their exchange value. It can be tough to deal with the issue through pegged exchange rates but it’s still possible.
These digital currencies try to solve the exchange rate problem while still providing the lost cost and ease-of-use of Bitcoin transactions. One argument is that pegging currencies like the US dollar expectantly pegs the money to institutions like the Federal Reserve and US government.
The launch of Blockchain 2.0 has resulted in the release of various new digital monies including various currencies that are pegged to gold and fiat currencies. For example, recently New Zealand’s crypto-currency exchange Cryptopia announced that the country’s first crypto-currency will be pegged to the island country’s dollar.
The biggest suggest has been through Tether. It’s pegged to the USD and also offers digital versions of 3 currencies: USDT, JPYT, and EURT. Tether is able to maintain the peg by sustaining the USD at a value equal to all USDT value held in reserves 24/7.
Tether was launched in early 2015 and has mostly maintained the peg since that year. The situation changed in late April 2017 when it collapsed based on issues with Taiwan banks that are used for receiving/sending US Dollar withdrawals. All global wires sent to Tether were blocked/rejected by the Taiwanese banks. Since that time the USDT’s value has spiked from $0.93 and is now trading at $1.02.
Meanwhile, other types of pegged crypto-currencies haven’t had as much luck. NuBits, CoinoUSD, and BitUSD all used the old-school currency pegging practice of holding reserves in either physical dollars or debt securities that were dollar-denominated.
NuBits is known as the first de-centralized crypto-currency to sustain a $1 peg for one full year. It achieved that goal in September 2015. Then in June 2016 NuBits experienced a major crisis. The crypto-currency’s price dropped 20 cents when the company’s rate-pegging tool failed. The price later rose to its current rate but NuBits has minimum market activity today.
CoinoUSD started trading a few years ago in December 2014 and hit its market capitalization peak of $2.7 million during Q1 2016. That said, it then shot down soon afterwards because of a glitch that flooded its customers with free units. That step made it impossible to sustain the $1 exchange value.
Then there’s BitUSD. It’s built on the foundation of the blockchain platform of a crypto-currency called BitSharesX. BitUSD implements a unique pegging system that includes BitShares, which have been solid up to now.
The 1BitUSD has stayed around $1 and hasn’t had any major devaluation. That said, partly due to the decreased use of BitShares that’s resulted in BitUSD’s customer base shrinking soon after its launch. There’s recently been new interest in the crypto-currency. That’s caused its market cap to spike from under $110,000 to a little under $2.4M.
Tether gradually built up its market cap and began the year a little under $10M. It’s also experienced a surge since then. Tether has hit a current high of $107M and is the top USD-pegged crypto-currency.
Crypt-currencies have made a lot of progress in terms of popularity but there’s a lot of room for progress. There’s still no full business/credit cycle. Bitcoin’s volatility might level out when digital currencies become more accepted in the financial sector. However, there’s still a lot of progress to be made.
Tether offers exchange stability but there are still question marks about its selection of a hard peg, which has failed already. It maintains a value in a different way from how the market would do that.
It’s possible the biggest value of USD-pegged crypto-currencies is that they help to provide a measure of transaction demand versus speculative demand.
It’s important to note that there are also several advantages to using Tether:
The tokens have the value of US dollars. It’s an alternative to Bitcoin’s volatility because the USD exchange rate is significantly more stable. A single Tether token (USDT) has the value of $1 USD all the time. This figure can’t be changed and it results in the volatility of standard digital currencies not being an issue.
2. Currency Exchange Rates
More specifically it’s not an issue. The world’s most stable currency is the USD and the USDT is linked to the USD dollar 24/7. This means that you won’t have to risk a ton of funds. It could be argued that this helps to make Tether one of the most stable crypto-currencies available today.
Tether now has several global partners. This is helpful for a new and game-changing service. In a sense it’s a type of warranty that helps to prevent many of the common issues linked to new crypto-currencies.
It’s possible that other currencies will later be added to Tether. That includes the Euro, Yen, and Yuan. The currencies are already in the beta-testing stage.